Debian install - Step 4

Netinstall >

Light-weight web browsers

There plenty of light and fast web browsers to choose from if the sites you intend to visit work with them.. such as midori, seamonkey, and...

there's a useful list here at Arch wiki Web_browsers

mem usages: surf 140mb... dillo 12mb... elinks 12mb... luakit 79mb... dwb 53mb... uzbl 55mb


Download the latest .deb file from

A light-weight web browser. You need to enable the userscripts plugin in Preferences, then just find and install what you need (though i couldn't get youtube downloader working)

To get flash working, run

sometimes crashes!

and then the heavy-weights, which eat up some ram (typically 900mb+)...



Adobe Flash Player is no longer being updated for Linux, so there's a solution for all flash content:
Google are continuing flash media support for Linux with their Pepper Flash Player for Chrome, install and it runs a download of chrome (45mb) with the flash player :(

for wheezy you need to get it from wheezy-backports

Solution for Youtube only:
looks like with youtube, html5 is coming standard?
if its not for you then you can try requesting html5 from youtube

VLC plugin a simple plugin allows the browser to play any web movie that VLC is capable of playing



An alternative to Chrome/chromium, from srware which is built on the same engine, but without all the tracking that might go on.
It will run just like Chromium if you already set that up, with the same extensions.


built on the same blink engine chrome and opera use, built by ex-Opera developers and community (disgruntled with Opera's change in direction since v12)
download the .deb archive from

or add to sources with the line,
and install the package vivaldi-stable

I think it is top of the pack

(If you don't have chromium installed, some video sites may not play e.g Vimeo - get the lib from a Ubuntu package, see here)

Make all (most) web pages display in dark mode with the "nighteye" extension from chrome.


(from Russia with love)
also built on the chrome engine and can install chrome extensions - some are ready to be enabled in Extensions.

has turbo browsing, and can integrate to yandex mail, yandex disk and other yandex apps (sign up for free and get 10Gb)

more minimalistic (there's no side bar or notes) but it still eats up RAM!

how to theme??

Get Extensions

my pick:


User scripts

! Warning, extensions each eat up some RAM, like between 13-20mb each (press Shift-Escape to see all chromium processes including opened tabs).

user scripts rather than extensions can help.

First install the extension "TamperMonkey" and then to install a user script, click install on the user script page (the script will not show on extensions page, but in Tampermonkey).

Stop the white background flash just before a page loads (no need in vivaldi)
see this answer

copy into two files in a dir and open chrome://extensions/ - check the "Developer mode" at top right of the page, and add the folder you saved the files in
I changed "black" to "gray" - works?





(formerly iceweasel) from - depends on pulse audio.. arggh

both are compatible with firefox addons (my basic choice being: scroll to top, noscript, 1-click youtube, tab suspender, enhancer for youtube, copy tab url, download manager s3)


Opera Beta 48 for Linux

-lacks skinning, has turbo option hidden at bottom of Settings page
-get the addon called Control freak and in the CSS tab paste your css styles, for ALL

for me, Opera pales in comparison to the abilities of vivaldi


-the open source standard for encrypting files and emails.

Both "Pretty Good Privacy" (PGP) and GnuPG implement OpenGPG. The latter is a command-line program for Linux, and there is a simple gui front-end to it, called GNU Privacy Assistant (debian gpa package). PGP works through the plugins for thunderbird or evolution email clients (see ubuntu help link).

A lot of useless keys appear in the gpa window.
solve this by either starting the program: gpa --disable-x509

or rename the file "com-certs.pem" and remove the .kbx files in ~/.gnupg and then restart gpa


Handheld Garmin devices

With (old) devices that download the data through gpsbabel, you need to add your user to the plugdev group if not already added:

plus, add your user to the dialout group -as with my 60csx (firmware 4.0) it was picked up on /dev/ttyUSB0, which belongs to the dialout group


An excellent app for collating, sorting and editing GPS data. Its simple and (quite) stable. Files are saved as .vik and are only usable in Viking, and so data needs exporting to gpx format for sharing with any one else or with GIS map-making software. Exporting can be done by individual layer or all layers in one go.

Might need to make a symlink...

Get the latest Viking from here

get build dependencies

Note that libmapnik pulls in a large amount of packages and it can be left out.
There is also a flatpak version available, but it needs flatpak set up and the KDE runtime installed, download size over 700MB!

unpack viking and run:

the --disable-mapnik flag is necessary in order to build without libmapnik installed

See my GIS page for more details!

Quantum GIS


To get the latest version, add the qgis repo..
(see the Qgis Debian install page here
And follow instructions to add/install the keyring.

Also, if you run a dist-upgrade at any time, it's possible that Qgis will be removed in the process, with python updates etc,so you will need to reinstall qgis.



or download latest from

install dependencies

Download the newest sword engine from
unpack and install with
(read INSTALL file)

if success then unpack xiphos and cd there, install with

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LXDE fast install   Configure Debian

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